UK Co-op Law in 2015 & the 2014 Changes

Consolidation and Other Changes in 2014

Current Law

Since 1st August 2014 the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014 has been the main source of law for co-operative and community benefit societies. It consolidated all existing legislation and modernised the language to make it easier to use, find and navigate. Despite the consolidation, some separate legal sources still apply. The 2014 Statutory Instruments which applied Insolvency Rescue Procedures and Companies Act Investigation Powers to societies are still separate because they apply to societies and adapt existing laws. So are the “Asset Lock” Regulations from 2006 which apply to community benefit societies which have an “asset lock” rule in their rule book. The links in this paragraph are to the free and open but always be sure you have an up to date version by updating the one you’ve found in line with the note (if any) at the top of the page you are looking at. Life is easier for those with access to an expensive privately owned service such as WestlawUK which regularly updates all legislative text.


For an overview and some of the rationale see the powerpoint slides here and listen to the 2013 Co-op Fortnight lecture.

My Article for STIR Magazine’s Summer 2015 issue gives a political analysis of the longer term history and tries to draw some conclusions for activist movements.

The process of  Consolidation began with January 2012’s announcement from No 10 Downing Street.

On 26th September 2013, the Law Commission published an explanation of the process:

Law Commsn text re Consol Bill 09.13 ;

as well as the draft Bill:


the documents to be submitted as part of its journey through Parliament:



and its Table of Origins.


were published by the Law Commission for consultation. Responses to the Consultation were needed by 15th November 2013.

Co-operatives UK submitted a brief response Here supported by a longer report. I agree with those and submitted my own short response.

Changes to the Law to Coincide with the Consolidation

July 2013 the HMT Consultn IPS 07-09.13 document on Changes to IPS Law was published. Here it is as a PDF. This is part of the Consolidation process but deals with implementing changes to the limit on withdrawable share capital and the detailed application of insolvency rescue proceedures.

In August 2013 three draft Statutory Instruments were issued by HM Treasury to anyone who had asked for them. They are the planned legal instruments to bring about three of the changes dealt with in the July 2013 Consultation.

Here they are in PDF Form:

Copy of mutuals register order draft of 7 Aug 2013

Share Capital Increase SI final draft

Copy of Investigations Regulations draft 7 Aug 2013

A fourth draft SI came out on 5th September 2013. Here it is:

Industrial and Provident Societies (Arrangements, Reconstructions and Ad…

This later version of the draft SI was issued later in September together with these comments and questions

Here is my detailed response to all but the last draft SI:

Consultn IS submission 08.13

and here is my supplementary response on the later draft SI and the questions raised:

IS Supplementary IPS HMT Consultn submission 16.09.13

Government Response to Consultation

Here is the Government response of 18th December 2013 to the consultation on changes to coincide with the consolidation.

2015 Act on Shares only helps Friendly Societies and Insurers

In July 2013, the Mutuals Redeemable Shares Bill  was presented to the House of Lords to permit co-ops, bencoms, friendly societies and mutual insurers issue redeemable share capital while retaining their mutual identity. the bill has been sponsored and supported by Mutuo. Here is my analysis of the original 2013 Bill and its rationale.

In late 2014, the plan to apply changes to co-operative and community benefit societies was dropped so the Act as passed (Royal Assent 26th March 2015) only applies to friendly societies and mutual insurers. Co-ops and community benefit societies are left without any powers to redeem or buy back their transferable shares on the same terms as companies.

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